Today we will be talking about trial balance and everything you need to know about it.

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Table Of Contents:

  • What Is Trial Balance?

  • How A Trial Balance Works?

  • Trial Balance Requirements

  • Advantages Of Trial Balance

  • Uses Of Trial Balance

  • Frequently Asked Questions

  • Conclusion

What Is Trial Balance?

A trial balance is a bookkeeping worksheet in which the balance of all ledgers are compiled into debit and credit account column totals that are equal. A company prepares a trial balance periodically, usually at the end of every reporting period. The general purpose of producing a trial balance is to ensure the entries in a company's bookkeeping system are mathematically correct.

How A Trial Balance Works?

The main purpose of a trial balance for a company serves to detect any mathematical errors that may have occurred in the accounting system. The errors may be of different types like errors of omission, errors of commission, clerical errors or double-entry.

Requirements Of Trial Balance

The trial balance consists of the ending balances of each ledger maintained by the company while carrying out its business transactions. If all the accounts are maintained effectively, the totals of the debit and credit columns of the trial balance match the correct amount.

Advantages Of Trial Balance

  1. It summarizes the result of all transactions during a period.

  2. It proves the arithmetical accuracy of accounting entries in the ledger.

  3. It supplies in one place a ready reference of all the balances of all the ledger accounts.

  4. If any error is found, it can easily be rectified.

  5. It is a basis, on which the final accounts of a firm can be prepared.

Uses Of Trial Balance

The purpose of a trial balance is to ensure that all entries made into an organization's general ledger are properly balanced. A trial balance lists the ending balance in each general ledger account. The total dollar amount of the debits and credits in each accounting entry are supposed to match. Therefore, if the debit total and credit total on a trial balance do not match, this indicates that one or more transactions were recorded in the general ledger that was unbalanced.

Auditors also use the trial balance. They request it early in an audit and transfer the ending account balances from this report into their auditing software. They then use audit procedures to test these balances.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is trial balance in simple words?

A trial balance in simple words is a list containing ending balances of the ledgers of a company at a given period of time.

2. What is the aim of trial balance?

It is a brief summary of the values of the assets, liabilities, incomes and expenses of the company as on a particular date.

3. What are the rules of trial balance?

The rule to prepare a trial balance is that the total of the debit balances and credit balances extracted from the ledger must tally. Because every transaction has a dual effect with each debit having a corresponding credit and vice versa.

4. Why do we prepare a balance sheet?

A balance sheet is a representation of the value of the company and its belongings and debts as at a particular date. A balance sheet shows the financial position of the company and can be used to attract investors.

5. What is P&L reconciliation?

P&L reconciliation means finding out the difference that occurred in the accounting statements. the methods used by the auditors and internal management to cross-check the values entered in the books of accounts and the values actually incurred. 


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